How to replace a failed disk on ceph node

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Do you have a ceph cluster , great , you are awesome ; so very soon you would face this .
  • Check your cluster health

# ceph status
  cluster c452b7df-0c0b-4005-8feb-fc3bb92407f5

   health HEALTH_WARN 6 pgs peering; 6 pgs stale; 6 pgs stuck inactive; 6 pgs stuck stale; 6 pgs stuck unclean; 2 requests are blocked > 32 sec

   monmap e6: 3 mons at {node01-ib=10.168.100.101:6789/0,node06-ib=10.168.100.106:6789/0,node11-ib=10.168.100.111:6789/0}, election epoch 2

830, quorum 0,1,2 node01-ib,node06-ib,node11-ib

   mdsmap e58: 1/1/1 up {0=node01-ib=up:active}

   osdmap e8871: 153 osds: 152 up, 152 in

   pgmap v1409465: 66256 pgs, 30 pools, 201 TB data, 51906 kobjects

      90439 GB used, 316 TB / 413 TB avail

        66250 active+clean

          6 stale+peering

  • Login to any ceph node and search for failed disk
#ceph osd tree | grep -i down

9 2.63 osd.9 up 1

17 2.73 osd.17 up 1

30 2.73 osd.30 up 1

53 2.73 osd.53 up 1

65 2.73 osd.65 up 1

78 2.73 osd.78 up 1

89 2.73 osd.89 up 1

99 2.73 osd.99 down 0

113 2.73 osd.113 up 1

128 2.73 osd.128 up 1

141 2.73 osd.141 up 1
  • Now you have identified which node’s OSD is failed and what’s the OSD number. Login to that node and check if that OSD is mounted , IT would be NOT ( as its failed )
# df -h

Filesystem      Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on

/dev/sda1       47G 6.0G 38G 14% /

tmpfs         12G  0 12G 0% /dev/shm

/dev/sdd1      2.8T 197G 2.5T 8% /var/lib/ceph/osd/ceph-30

/dev/sde1      2.8T 172G 2.6T 7% /var/lib/ceph/osd/ceph-53

/dev/sdc1      2.8T 264G 2.5T 10% /var/lib/ceph/osd/ceph-17

/dev/sdh1      2.8T 227G 2.5T 9% /var/lib/ceph/osd/ceph-89

/dev/sdf1      2.8T 169G 2.6T 7% /var/lib/ceph/osd/ceph-65

/dev/sdi1      2.8T 150G 2.6T 6% /var/lib/ceph/osd/ceph-113

/dev/sdb1      2.7T 1.3T 1.3T 51% /var/lib/ceph/osd/ceph-9

/dev/sdj1      2.8T 1.6T 1.2T 58% /var/lib/ceph/osd/ceph-128

/dev/sdg1      2.8T 237G 2.5T 9% /var/lib/ceph/osd/ceph-78

/dev/sdk1      2.8T 1.5T 1.3T 53% /var/lib/ceph/osd/ceph-141

  • Go to your datacenter with a new physical drive and replace the drive physically , i assume depending on enterprise server that you are using it should be hot swappable , These days almost all servers support hot swapping of disks , but still you should check for your server model . In this example i was using HPDL380 server.
  • Once you have replaced the drive physically , wait for some time so that new drive gets stable.
  • Login to your node and make OSD out from cluster . Please remember , the OSD was already DOWN and OUT as soon as disk was failed . Ceph takes care of OSD and if its not available it marks it down and moves it out of cluster.
# ceph osd out osd.99

osd.99 is already out.

#

# service ceph stop osd.99

/etc/init.d/ceph: osd.99 not found (/etc/ceph/ceph.conf defines osd.9 osd.30 osd.17 osd.128 osd.65 osd.141 osd.89 osd.53 osd.113 osd.78 , /var/lib/ceph defines osd.9 osd.30 osd.17 osd.128 osd.65 osd.141 osd.89 osd.53 osd.113 osd.78)

#

# service ceph status osd.99

/etc/init.d/ceph: osd.99 not found (/etc/ceph/ceph.conf defines osd.9 osd.30 osd.17 osd.128 osd.65 osd.141 osd.89 osd.53 osd.113 osd.78 , /var/lib/ceph defines osd.9 osd.30 osd.17 osd.128 osd.65 osd.141 osd.89 osd.53 osd.113 osd.78)

#

# service ceph status

=== osd.9 ===

osd.9: running {"version":"0.72.1"}

=== osd.30 ===

osd.30: running {"version":"0.72.1"}

=== osd.17 ===

osd.17: running {"version":"0.72.1"}

=== osd.128 ===

osd.128: running {"version":"0.72.1"}

=== osd.65 ===

osd.65: running {"version":"0.72.1"}

=== osd.141 ===

osd.141: running {"version":"0.72.1"}

=== osd.89 ===

osd.89: running {"version":"0.72.1"}

=== osd.53 ===

osd.53: running {"version":"0.72.1"}

=== osd.113 ===

osd.113: running {"version":"0.72.1"}

=== osd.78 ===

osd.78: running {"version":"0.72.1"}

#

  • Now remove this failed OSD from Crush Map , as soon as its removed from crush map , ceph starts making PG copies that were located on this failed disk and it places these PG on other disks. So a recovery process will start.
# ceph osd crush remove osd.99

removed item id 99 name 'osd.99' from crush map

# ceph status

  cluster c452b7df-0c0b-4005-8feb-fc3bb92407f5

   health HEALTH_WARN 43 pgs backfill; 56 pgs backfilling; 9 pgs peering; 82 pgs recovering; 6 pgs stale; 6 pgs stuck inactive; 6 pgs stuck stale; 192 pgs st

uck unclean; 4 requests are blocked > 32 sec; recovery 373488/106903578 objects degraded (0.349%)

   monmap e6: 3 mons at {node01-ib=10.168.100.101:6789/0,node06-ib=10.168.100.106:6789/0,node11-ib=10.168.100.111:6789/0}, election epoch 2

836, quorum 0,1,2 node01-ib,node06-ib,node11-ib

   mdsmap e58: 1/1/1 up {0=node01-ib=up:active}

   osdmap e8946: 153 osds: 152 up, 152 in

   pgmap v1409604: 66256 pgs, 30 pools, 201 TB data, 51916 kobjects

   1 
      1 GB used, 316 TB / 413 TB avail

   1 
      1 /106903578 objects degraded (0.349%)

          1 active

        66060 active+clean

   1 
      1 
         1 active+remapped+wait_backfill

          3 peering

          1 active+remapped

   1 
      1 
         1 active+remapped+backfilling

          6 stale+peering

          4 active+clean+scrubbing+deep

   1 
      1 
         1 active+recovering

recovery io 159 MB/s, 39 objects/s
  • (optional) Check disk statistics , it looks nice and after some times ( depending on data that your FAILED disk holds ) it completes
# dstat 10

----total-cpu-usage---- -dsk/total- -net/total- ---paging-- ---system--

usr sys idl wai hiq siq| read writ| recv send| in out | int csw

 2 3 95 1 0 0|2223k 5938k| 0  0 |1090B 2425B|5853  11k

 14 58 1 25 0 2| 130M 627M| 219M 57M|6554B  0 | 28k 111k

 14 57 1 26 0 2| 106M 743M| 345M 32M| 0 4096B| 35k 73k

 13 61 1 23 0 2| 138M 680M| 266M 67M| 83k  0 | 31k 82k

 14 52 1 31 0 2| 99M 574M| 230M 32M| 48k 6963B| 27k 78k

 14 51 2 31 0 2| 99M 609M| 291M 31M| 0  0 | 29k 83k

 11 57 1 28 0 2| 118M 636M| 214M 57M|9830B  0 | 26k 92k

 12 49 4 34 0 1| 97M 432M| 166M 48M| 35k  0 | 22k 100k

 13 44 3 38 0 1| 95M 422M| 183M 46M| 0  0 | 22k 88k

 13 52 3 30 0 2| 96M 510M| 207M 44M| 0  0 | 25k 109k

 14 49 3 32 0 2| 96M 568M| 276M 37M| 16k  0 | 27k 72k

 9 54 4 31 0 2| 109M 520M| 136M 45M| 0  0 | 20k 89k

 14 44 5 35 0 1| 76M 444M| 192M 13M| 0  0 | 22k 54k

 15 47 3 34 0 2| 101M 452M| 141M 20M|3277B 13k| 21k 79k

 17 48 3 31 0 1| 108M 445M| 181M 16M| 0 200k| 23k 69k

 17 48 3 30 0 1| 154M 406M| 138M 23M| 0  0 | 21k 75k

 17 53 3 27 0 1| 169M 399M| 115M 23M| 0 396k| 21k 81k

 13 45 4 36 0 1| 161M 330M| 131M 20M| 0 397k| 20k 90k

 11 51 5 33 0 1| 116M 416M| 145M 1177k| 0 184k| 20k 69k

 14 50 4 31 0 1| 144M 376M| 124M 8752k| 0  0 | 20k 72k

 14 42 6 37 0 1| 142M 340M| 138M 19M| 0  0 | 19k 79k

 15 47 6 32 0 1| 111M 427M| 129M 11M| 0 819B| 19k 66k

 15 50 5 29 0 1| 163M 413M| 139M 5709k| 58k  0 | 20k 90k

 14 49 4 32 0 1| 155M 395M| 91M 12M| 0  0 | 18k 93k

 18 43 7 31 0 1| 166M 338M| 84M 6493k| 0  0 | 17k 81k

 14 49 5 32 0 1| 179M 335M| 98M 3824k| 0  0 | 18k 91k

 13 46 9 31 0 1| 157M 299M| 72M 14M| 0  0 | 17k 125k

 17 42 9 30 0 1| 188M 269M| 82M 11M| 16k  0 | 16k 102k

 22 35 15 27 0 1| 158M 167M|8932k 287k| 0  0 | 13k 88k

 7 20 46 26 0 0| 118M 12M| 250k 392k| 0  82k|9333  61k

 7 17 60 16 0 0| 124M 1638B| 236k 225k| 0  0 |7512  64k

 7 16 63 14 0 0| 117M 1005k| 247k 238k| 0  0 |7429  60k

 3 9 82 5 0 0| 41M 17M| 225k 225k| 0  0 |6049  27k

 4 8 81 7 0 0| 56M 7782B| 227k 225k| 0 6144B|5933  33k

 4 9 79 7 0 0| 60M 9011B| 248k 245k| 0 9011B|6457  36k

 4 9 79 7 0 0| 58M 236k| 231k 230k| 0  14k|6210  35k

# ceph status

  cluster c452b7df-0c0b-4005-8feb-fc3bb92407f5

   health HEALTH_WARN 6 pgs peering; 6 pgs stale; 6 pgs stuck inactive; 6 pgs stuck stale; 6 pgs stuck unclean; 2 requests are blocked > 32 sec

   monmap e6: 3 mons at {node01-ib=10.168.100.101:6789/0,node06-ib=10.168.100.106:6789/0,node11-ib=10.168.100.111:6789/0}, election epoch 2

836, quorum 0,1,2 node01-ib,node06-ib,node11-ib

   mdsmap e58: 1/1/1 up {0=node01-ib=up:active}

   osdmap e9045: 153 osds: 152 up, 152 in

   pgmap v1409957: 66256 pgs, 30 pools, 200 TB data, 51705 kobjects

      90448 GB used, 316 TB / 413 TB avail

        66250 active+clean

          6 stale+peering
  • Once data recovery is done , go ahead delete keyrings for that OSD and finally remove OSD
# ceph auth del osd.99

updated

#

# ceph osd rm osd.99

removed osd.99

#

#ceph status 

  cluster c452b7df-0c0b-4005-8feb-fc3bb92407f5

   health HEALTH_WARN 6 pgs peering; 6 pgs stale; 6 pgs stuck inactive; 6 pgs stuck stale; 6 pgs stuck unclean; 2 requests are blocked > 32 sec

   monmap e6: 3 mons at {node01-ib=10.168.100.101:6789/0,node06-ib=10.168.100.106:6789/0,node11-ib=10.168.100.111:6789/0}, election epoch 2

836, quorum 0,1,2 node01-ib,node06-ib,node11-ib

   mdsmap e58: 1/1/1 up {0=node01-ib=up:active}

   osdmap e9046: 152 osds: 152 up, 152 in

   pgmap v1409971: 66256 pgs, 30 pools, 200 TB data, 51705 kobjects

      90445 GB used, 316 TB / 413 TB avail

        66250 active+clean

          6 stale+peering

  • Remove entry of this OSD from ceph.conf ( if its present ) , make sure you keep all the nodes ceph.conf file updated .  You can push the new configuration file to entire cluster using # ceph admin command.
  • Time to create new OSD for the physical disk that we have inserted , You would see, ceph will create new OSD with the same OSD number , that was failed , as we have removed failed OSD cleanly , if you see a different OSD number , it means that you have not cleanly removed failed OSD.
# ceph osd create

99

# ceph status

  cluster c452b7df-0c0b-4005-8feb-fc3bb92407f5

   health HEALTH_WARN 6 pgs peering; 6 pgs stale; 6 pgs stuck inactive; 6 pgs stuck stale; 6 pgs stuck unclean; 2 requests are blocked > 32 sec

   monmap e6: 3 mons at {node01-ib=10.168.100.101:6789/0,node06-ib=10.168.100.106:6789/0,node11-ib=10.168.100.111:6789/0}, election epoch 2

836, quorum 0,1,2 node01-ib,node06-ib,node11-ib

   mdsmap e58: 1/1/1 up {0=node01-ib=up:active}

   osdmap e9047: 153 osds: 152 up, 152 in

   pgmap v1409988: 66256 pgs, 30 pools, 200 TB data, 51705 kobjects

      90442 GB used, 316 TB / 413 TB avail

        66250 active+clean

          6 stale+peering

#

  • List the disk , zap it and deploy it again
# ceph-deploy disk list node14

[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] Invoked (1.3.2): /usr/bin/ceph-deploy disk list node14

[node14][DEBUG ] connected to host: node14

[node14][DEBUG ] detect platform information from remote host

[node14][DEBUG ] detect machine type

[ceph_deploy.osd][INFO ] Distro info: CentOS 6.4 Final

[ceph_deploy.osd][DEBUG ] Listing disks on node14...

[node14][INFO ] Running command: ceph-disk list

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sda :

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sda1 other, ext4, mounted on /

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sda2 swap, swap

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdb :

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdb1 ceph data, active, cluster ceph, osd.9, journal /dev/sdb2

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdb2 ceph journal, for /dev/sdb1

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdc :

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdc1 ceph data, active, cluster ceph, osd.17, journal /dev/sdc2

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdc2 ceph journal, for /dev/sdc1

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdd :

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdd1 ceph data, active, cluster ceph, osd.30, journal /dev/sdd2

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdd2 ceph journal, for /dev/sdd1

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sde :

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sde1 ceph data, active, cluster ceph, osd.53, journal /dev/sde2

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sde2 ceph journal, for /dev/sde1

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdf :

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdf1 ceph data, active, cluster ceph, osd.65, journal /dev/sdf2

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdf2 ceph journal, for /dev/sdf1

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdg :

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdg1 ceph data, active, cluster ceph, osd.78, journal /dev/sdg2

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdg2 ceph journal, for /dev/sdg1

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdh :

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdh1 ceph data, active, cluster ceph, osd.89, journal /dev/sdh2

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdh2 ceph journal, for /dev/sdh1

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdi other, btrfs

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdj :

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdj1 ceph data, active, cluster ceph, osd.113, journal /dev/sdj2

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdj2 ceph journal, for /dev/sdj1

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdk :

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdk1 ceph data, active, cluster ceph, osd.128, journal /dev/sdk2

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdk2 ceph journal, for /dev/sdk1

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdl :

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdl1 ceph data, active, cluster ceph, osd.141, journal /dev/sdl2

[node14][DEBUG ] /dev/sdl2 ceph journal, for /dev/sdl1

# ceph-deploy disk zap node14:sdi

[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] Invoked (1.3.2): /usr/bin/ceph-deploy disk zap node14:sdi

[ceph_deploy.osd][DEBUG ] zapping /dev/sdi on node14

[node14][DEBUG ] connected to host: node14

[node14][DEBUG ] detect platform information from remote host

[node14][DEBUG ] detect machine type

[ceph_deploy.osd][INFO ] Distro info: CentOS 6.4 Final

[node14][DEBUG ] zeroing last few blocks of device

[node14][INFO ] Running command: sgdisk --zap-all --clear --mbrtogpt -- /dev/sdi

[node14][DEBUG ] Creating new GPT entries.

[node14][DEBUG ] GPT data structures destroyed! You may now partition the disk using fdisk or

[node14][DEBUG ] other utilities.

[node14][DEBUG ] The operation has completed successfully.

#

# ceph-deploy --overwrite-conf osd prepare node14:sdi

[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] Invoked (1.3.2): /usr/bin/ceph-deploy --overwrite-conf osd prepare node14:sdi

[ceph_deploy.osd][DEBUG ] Preparing cluster ceph disks node14:/dev/sdi:

[node14][DEBUG ] connected to host: node14

[node14][DEBUG ] detect platform information from remote host

[node14][DEBUG ] detect machine type

[ceph_deploy.osd][INFO ] Distro info: CentOS 6.4 Final

[ceph_deploy.osd][DEBUG ] Deploying osd to node14

[node14][DEBUG ] write cluster configuration to /etc/ceph/{cluster}.conf

[node14][INFO ] Running command: udevadm trigger --subsystem-match=block --action=add

[ceph_deploy.osd][DEBUG ] Preparing host node14 disk /dev/sdi journal None activate False

[node14][INFO ] Running command: ceph-disk-prepare --fs-type xfs --cluster ceph -- /dev/sdi

[node14][ERROR ] INFO:ceph-disk:Will colocate journal with data on /dev/sdi

[node14][DEBUG ] The operation has completed successfully.

[node14][DEBUG ] The operation has completed successfully.

[node14][DEBUG ] meta-data=/dev/sdi1       isize=2048 agcount=32, agsize=22884224 blks

[node14][DEBUG ]     =           sectsz=512 attr=2, projid32bit=0

[node14][DEBUG ] data  =           bsize=4096 blocks=732295168, imaxpct=5

[node14][DEBUG ]     =           sunit=64  swidth=64 blks

[node14][DEBUG ] naming =version 2       bsize=4096 ascii-ci=0

[node14][DEBUG ] log   =internal log     bsize=4096 blocks=357568, version=2

[node14][DEBUG ]     =           sectsz=512 sunit=64 blks, lazy-count=1

[node14][DEBUG ] realtime =none         extsz=4096 blocks=0, rtextents=0

[node14][DEBUG ] The operation has completed successfully.

[ceph_deploy.osd][DEBUG ] Host node14 is now ready for osd use.

#
  • Check the new OSD
# ceph osd tree 

9 2.63 osd.9 up 1

17 2.73 osd.17 up 1

30 2.73 osd.30 up 1

53 2.73 osd.53 up 1

65 2.73 osd.65 up 1

78 2.73 osd.78 up 1

89 2.73 osd.89 up 1

113 2.73 osd.113 up 1

128 2.73 osd.128 up 1

141 2.73 osd.141 up 1

99 2.73 osd.99 up 1

# ceph status 

  cluster c452b7df-0c0b-4005-8feb-fc3bb92407f5

   health HEALTH_WARN 186 pgs backfill; 12 pgs backfilling; 6 pgs peering; 57 pgs recovering; 887 pgs recovery_wait; 6 pgs stale; 6 pgs stuck inactive; 6 pgs

 stuck stale; 283 pgs stuck unclean; 2 requests are blocked > 32 sec; recovery 784023/106982434 objects degraded (0.733%)

   monmap e6: 3 mons at {node01-ib=10.168.100.101:6789/0,node06-ib=10.168.100.106:6789/0,node11-ib=10.168.100.111:6789/0}, election epoch 2

836, quorum 0,1,2 node01-ib,node06-ib,node11-ib

   mdsmap e58: 1/1/1 up {0=node01-ib=up:active}

   osdmap e9190: 153 osds: 153 up, 153 in

   pgmap v1413041: 66256 pgs, 30 pools, 200 TB data, 51840 kobjects

      90504 GB used, 319 TB / 416 TB avail

      784023/106982434 objects degraded (0.733%)

        65108 active+clean

         186 active+remapped+wait_backfill

         887 active+recovery_wait

         12 active+remapped+backfilling

          6 stale+peering

         57 active+recovering

recovery io 383 MB/s, 95 objects/s

  • You would notice ceph will start putting PG ( data ) on this new OSD , so as to rebalance data and to make this new osd to participate cluster.
Yes at this stage you are done with replacement.
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